After Independence, India as a country was focused on socio-economic development while wildlife hunting was quite prominent initially. However after the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 came into existence the idea of Environment, Wildlife and Tiger Conservation started to make
its mark in the country. In year 2000, number to Tigers in the country were estimated to be 4000
and 700 in state of Madhya Pradesh. However in the tiger census of 2006, only 1411 tigers were
estimated in the whole country. This was way less than the estimated 4000 in the year 2000,
while their number in the state was estimated only to be 300. Although Madhya Pradesh
remained the state with the highest number of tigers in 2006, but the declining numbers were
a matter of concern. To add to the woes, a news came in year 2008 that the Panna Tiger Reserve,
considered to be the pride of the state, became tigerless.
In the All India Tiger Census of 2010 the numbers of Tigers in the state were estimated at 257. Madhya Pradesh since long had been identified with its dense forest and tigers living in those forests, however after registering the presence of 257 tigers in All India Tiger Census 2010, Karnataka was given the status of Tiger State of India.
In the Tiger Census of year 2014, presence of 308 tigers was estimated in Madhya Pradesh, and by then the state had slipped further to third place after Karnataka and Uttarakhand in terms of number of Tigers. Even though 286 tigers were recorded in the camera traps, much more than
260 in Karnataka and 267 in Uttarakhand; the final figures of the census, the numbers of tigers
estimated in Karnataka stood at 406, against estimate of 308 Tigers in Madhya Pradesh.